Orchestrating the Instruments of Power
Supplemental Material

Low-Intensity Conflict, etc.

As of 30 September 2015


LIC is used here as a catchall label for small wars, guerrilla wars, nation building, capacity building, peacekeeping and peacemaking, reconstruction and stabilization, counterinsurgency (COIN), complex contingencies, military operations short of war, etc.

Truman (1945-1953)

Once found, these documents will likely be placed under covert operations. The question is whether they are about promoting guerrilla warfare or countering guerrillas to support an established government. TBD

         NSC 10 Memo Responsibilities of the CIA (OPC) with respect to Guerrilla Warfare, 1951,12,13 [reel 4: frame 0064]

         NSC 10 Memo On the Scope and Pace of Covert Operations 1951,10,23, [reel 4: frame 65]

         NSC 10 Memo On the Scope and Pace of Covert Operations 1951,10,9, [reel 4: frame 66]

         NSC 10 Memo On the Scope and Pace of Covert Operations 1951,06,27, [reel 4: frame 68]

Eisenhower (1953-1961)

         NSC 5425/1 Organization for Internal Security yyyy,mm,dd (not yet found)

JFK/LBJ (1961-1969)

         NSAM 2 directing Development of Counter-Guerrilla Forces, 1961,02,03 jpg

         Counter-Guerrilla Cases Study 1961,02,06 link

         JCS Development of Counter-Guerrilla Forces memo, 1961,03,11 pdf

         Counter-Guerrilla Warfare Task Force report, 1961,12,11 pdf

         CIA on Counter-Guerrilla Warfare Task Force report, 1962,02,02 pdf

         NSAM 182 promulgating Overseas Internal Defense Policy, 1962,08,24 html

o   Overseas Internal Defense Policy, 1962,09 (redacted photocopy)

o   Overseas Internal Defense Policy, 1962,09 (recreation)

Nixon/Ford (1969-1977)

         Nixon attempted to distance the US from LIC, relevant documents not yet found, search continues

Carter (1977-1981)

         No relevant documents yet found, search continues

Reagan (1981-1989)

         U.S. Policy and Strategy for Low Intensity Conflict, 1987,06,15 [reel 10: frame 0822] link

         NSSD 5-86 study directive for LIC, 1986,10,23 pdf

         NSDD 277, result of LIC study, 1987,06,15 pdf

         El Salvador case study pdf

Bush 41 (1989-1993)

         NSR 27 study directive for LIC, 1990,06,11 pdf

         Study results not yet found, search continues

Clinton (1993-2001)

         PDD 56 Managing Complex Contingency Operations, 1997,05 pdf

Bush 43 (2001-2009)

         NSPD 44 Managing Reconstruction and Stabilization, 2005,12,07 pdf

Obama (2009-2016)

         USG COIN Manual 2009 pdf


Return to Top of Page

Return to Home Page